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Lesson Transcript

Absolute Beginner, Season 4, Lesson 10 - Planning A Delicious Dinner in Spain
INTRODUCTION
Anna: Hola soy Anna.
Eric: Eric here! Welcome back to SpanishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 4, Lesson 10, Planning a Delicious Dinner in Spain.
Anna: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use Spanish verbs.
Eric: This conversation takes place at an outdoor market in the evening.
Anna: And it’s between Paula and Santiago.
Eric: The speakers are friends, so they'll be speaking casually.
Anna: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Paula: ¿Qué compras?
Santiago: Compro algo para cenar. Y vosotros, ¿qué compráis?
Paula: Nosotros compramos pescado para cocinar sushi.
Santiago: ¿Cocinas comida japonesa?
Paula: Sí, nos gusta mucho.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Paula: ¿Qué compras?
Santiago: Compro algo para cenar. Y vosotros, ¿qué compráis?
Paula: Nosotros compramos pescado para cocinar sushi.
Santiago: ¿Cocinas comida japonesa?
Paula: Sí, nos gusta mucho.
Eric: Let's now listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Paula: ¿Qué compras?
Paula: What are you going to buy?
Santiago: Compro algo para cenar. Y vosotros, ¿qué compráis?
Santiago: I'm going to get something for dinner. And you, what are you going to buy?
Paula: Nosotros compramos pescado para cocinar sushi.
Paula: We're buying fish to make sushi.
Santiago: ¿Cocinas comida japonesa?
Santiago: You cook Japanese food?
Paula: Sí, nos gusta mucho.
Paula: Yes, we like it a lot.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: I’m sure you know that Spanish food is well-known all around the world. And I think the most well-known dishes are...
Anna: Paella and tapas! And probably the most famous among the two is paella. Paella is a rice dish, and you can put in almost whatever ingredient you want.
Eric: But there are two specific recipes that are more famous than the others, right?
Anna: Right. Those two types are Paella Valenciana and Paella Marinera. Paella Valenciana, which means "Valencian's Paella," is made of chicken and some vegetables, usually peas and red and green peppers.
Eric: And the other one?
Anna: The other is Paella Marinera. This paella is the most popular in the area of Catalonia. In this paella, instead of chicken or vegetables, different kinds of seafood are used, like shrimp and clams.
Eric: That sounds delicious! Make sure you try these dishes when you go to Spain, listeners! Now let's take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: comprar
Eric: to buy
Anna: comprar [slowly]
Anna: comprar
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: cena
Eric: dinner
Anna: cena
Anna: cena
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: pescado
Eric: fish
Anna: pescado [slowly]
Anna: pescado
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: sushi
Eric: sushi
Anna: sushi [slowly]
Anna: sushi
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: cocinar
Eric: to cook
Anna: cocinar [slowly]
Anna: cocinar
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: mucho
Eric: much, a lot, very
Anna: mucho [slowly]
Anna: mucho
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: para
Eric: for, in order to
Anna: para [slowly]
Anna: para
Eric: And last..
Anna: algo
Eric: something
Anna: algo [slowly]
Anna: algo
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let’s take a look at a few words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first word we'll look at is comprar, which means "to buy."
Eric: This is a regular -ar verb, so we're going to look at the conjugation in the grammar point.
Anna: An example of this in a sentence would be, Y vosotros, ¿qué compráis?, which means, "And you, what are you buying?"
Eric: What's our next word?
Anna: The next word we'll look at is cenar.
Eric: Which means "to have dinner" or "to eat dinner."
Anna: Right. Cenar is an -ar verb that comes from the Spanish word cena, which means "dinner." It's also a regular verb, and we'll look at it more closely in the grammar point.
Eric: Could you give us an example?
Anna: Sure. You could say, Compro algo para cenar, which means, "I'm buying something to eat for dinner."
Eric: Excellent! What's our next word?
Anna: The next word we'll look at is cocinar, which is an -ar verb that means "to cook." An example sentence would be, ¿Cocinas comida japonesa?, which translates as, "Do you cook Japanese food?"
Eric: Okay, what's our last word?
Anna: The last word we'll look at is para. Para is a preposition that means "for.”
Eric: Could you give us an example in a sentence?
Anna: Sure. You could say something like, Nosotros compramos pescado para cocinar sushi, which translates as, "We're buying fish to make sushi." Now let's have a look at the grammar.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the present simple tense with the -ar ending verbs.
Anna: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase ¿Qué compras?
Eric: Which we translated as, "What are you buying?" So, to start off, let's look at some peculiarities of Spanish verbs.
Anna: First, the infinitive is always made up of only one word. There’s no equivalent to the English word “to,” as in “to run.”
Eric: Second, all Spanish verbs can be classified according with their endings.
Anna: This refers to the last two letters of the verb: -ar, -er, or -ir.
Eric: Third, Spanish verbs can be regular or irregular according to the changes they undergo while being conjugated in the different tenses.
Anna: In this lesson, we'll focus on present simple tenses for regular verbs ending in -ar, such as the verbs comprar, cenar, and cocinar.
Eric: First, we'll look at the present simple tense, which in Spanish is known as...
Anna: El presente. It’s used to talk about what is true at the moment, what happens regularly, and what is happening now.
Eric: That's right. And we can see this in the sentence "What are you buying?"
Anna: In Spanish, this would be, ¿Qué compras?, which is in the present tense.
Eric: Now, a regular verb is a verb made up of a stem and a variable ending. The stem will be the same for all conjugations. The ending will change depending on who does the action and in which tense.
Anna: So, let's practice the present simple tense in Spanish. Let’s conjugate the verb comprar. The stem is compr- and the infinitive ending is -ar.
Eric: So the stem will stay the same and the ending will change, right?
Anna: Right. So, for "I buy" you get yo compro, and for "you buy" you get tú compras. The ending changes, but not the stem of the verb.
Eric: This is the pattern for all regular -ar verbs. Let's look at the verb "to speak."
Anna: Which is hablar. The stem is habl- and the ending is -ar. So you'd get "he speaks" as el habla but "we speak" would be nosotros hablamos.
Eric: To sum up, in order to conjugate the "present simple" for a regular -ar verb in Spanish, you have to change the -ar ending from the infinitive to the corresponding ending depending on the person.
Anna: We have some great tables in the lesson notes with visual examples of how these all fit together, so be sure to check those out.
HOMEWORK
Eric: Okay, now it’s time for the answer to the previous lesson’s homework.
Anna: Right, the answer to the tarea is La niña inteligente estudia en el jardín.
Eric: This week’s task will be a little bit different.
Anna: This time, you have to conjugate the verb preguntar in the present simple tense by completing the chart at the end of the lesson notes.

Outro

Eric: Good luck! Well, that just about does it for this lesson! Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Eric: ¡Hasta luego!

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SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What's your favorite Spanish dish? 

SpanishPod101.com
Thursday at 2:03 pm
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Hola Lynn,


Thank you for participating.

Para mi la paella. Que rico!

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Lynn
Thursday at 3:11 am
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Mi comida española favorita son las tapas. Me gusta la variedad.


Spanishpod101.comVerified
Monday at 9:59 pm
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Hi Morgan,


Thank you for leaving the comment.


f you have any questions, please let us know.


Cristiane

Team Spanishpod101.com

Morgan
Monday at 11:43 am
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sushi