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Lesson Transcript

Absolute Beginner, Season 4, Lesson 1. Introducing Yourself in Spanish
INTRODUCTION
Anna: Hola soy Anna
Eric: Eric here! Welcome to SpanishPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 4, Lesson 1, “Introducing Yourself in Spanish.”
Anna: In this lesson, you'll learn how to introduce yourself in Spanish, as in "I’m Anna."
Eric: This conversation takes place in a college biology class.
Anna: And it’s between Sofía and Mateo.
Eric: The speakers are two university students in the same biology class, and the professor has asked the students to introduce themselves to each other. The speakers will use the informal register.
Anna: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Sofía: Hola, yo soy Sofía. Encantada de conocerte.
Mateo: Hola Sofía, soy Mateo. Mucho gusto, ¿cómo estás?
Sofía: Muy bien gracias, ¿y tú?
Mateo: Bien también, gracias.
Eric: Now let's listen to the same conversation at a slow speed.
Sofía: Hola, yo soy Sofía. Encantada de conocerte.
Mateo: Hola Sofía, soy Mateo. Mucho gusto, ¿cómo estás?
Sofía: Muy bien gracias, ¿y tú?
Mateo: Bien también, gracias.
Eric: Now let's listen to the conversation with English translation.
Sofía: Hola, yo soy Sofía. Encantada de conocerte.
Sofía: Hello, my name is Sofía. Nice to meet you.
Mateo: Hola Sofía, soy Mateo. Mucho gusto, ¿cómo estás?
Mateo: Hello Sofía, I'm Mateo. Nice to meet you. How are you?
Sofía: Muy bien gracias, ¿y tú?
Sofía: I'm really well, thank you. And you?
Mateo: Bien también, gracias.
Mateo: I'm fine too, thanks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Let’s talk a little about the right way to greet someone in Spanish. First, it's common to say hola whenever you meet a person and then follow that with some kind of greeting.
Anna: That's right. For example, when two people meet for the first time, they say hola, then they introduce themselves.
Eric: We'll give some more details on this in the grammar point.
Anna: And after introducing themselves, they should ask about the other person by saying "How are you?" which is ¿Cómo estás? in Spanish.
Eric: Then they’ll switch roles and repeat the same steps.
Anna: Also, in Spanish culture, it's considered polite to always say hola to someone you've already been introduced to, even if you've only met the person once and very quickly.
Eric: That’s right, you don't have to stay around and talk, but you should at least say…
Anna: Hola.
Eric: Okay, now let's move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: hola
Eric: hello
Anna: hola [slowly]
Anna: hola
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: encantado, encantada
Eric: pleased, glad
Anna: encantado, encantada
Anna: encantado, encantada
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: conocer
Eric: to know, to meet for the first time
Anna: conocer [slowly]
Anna: conocer
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: yo
Eric: I
Anna: yo [slowly]
Anna: yo
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: ser
Eric: to be (permanent characteristic)
Anna: ser [slowly]
Anna: ser
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: bien
Eric: good, well
Anna: bien [slowly]
Anna: bien
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: gracias
Eric: thanks, thank you
Anna: gracias [slowly]
Anna: gracias
Eric: And last..
Anna: cómo
Eric: how
Anna: cómo [slowly]
Anna: cómo
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: In this lesson we are going to look at some Spanish greetings. The first word we're going to look at is...
Anna: ...hola,
Eric: ...which means "hello," or "hi."
Anna: Hola is the standard word for a greeting in Spanish. You can use it in the morning or at night, and in both casual or formal situations like at home or at work.
Eric: In fact, you can use it pretty much anytime.
Anna: That's right. The next phrase we'll look at is encantado de conocerte which means "nice to meet you."
Eric: Now, literally, the phrase...
Anna: ...encantado de conocerte,
Eric: ...translates as "charmed of meeting you," which sounds a bit odd in English (haha) but it's perfectly correct in Spanish. And also, the phrase...
Anna: ...encantado de conocerte,
Eric: ...has the same feeling and use as "nice to meet you." Could you break this down for us?
Anna: Sure! En can ta do de co no cer te
Eric: And one time quickly?
Anna: Encantado de conocerte.
Eric: Perfect. Our next phrase is?
Anna: ¿Cómo estás?
Eric: Which means "How are you?"
Anna: So, after saying encantado de conocerte, it's very common to ask, "How are you?" with something like ¿Cómo estás?
Eric: That’s right. This phrase is a casual way of saying, "How are you?" Could you break this down for us?
Anna: Sure! ¿Có mo es tás?
Eric: And one time quickly?
Anna: ¿Cómo estás?
Eric: Okay, so, what's our last phrase?
Anna: Our last phrase is Estoy bien, which means "I'm fine." Now, the typical way to answer ¿Cómo estás? is estoy bien. Estoy means "I am" and bien means "fine" or "well".
Eric: Could you break this phrase down for us?
Anna: Sure, Es toy bi en.
Eric: And one time quickly...
Anna: Estoy bien.
Eric: Okay, now let's move on to the grammar section.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to introduce yourself using the verb “to be.”
Anna: Which is ser. In the dialogue, we heard the phrase, Yo soy Sofía.
Eric: Which we translated as "I’m Sofía."
Anna: First, we should warn you that the Spanish verb ser is conjugated into more forms than the English verb "to be." You have three forms for the English verb and six forms for the Spanish.
Eric: That's right. But you shouldn’t be too worried about these. You aren't saying anything new – just a little more specifically than you would in English.
Anna: That's right. So, let's take a look at the conjugations for the verb ser.
Eric: First we have "I am," which is what in Spanish?
Anna: Yo soy.
Eric: Excellent. And "you are" is?
Anna: Tú eres.
Eric: "You are" in the formal form is?
Anna: Usted es.
Eric: And the "he is" / "she is" pair?
Anna: Él es and ella es respectively.
Eric: Listeners, keep in mind that those could also mean "it is". Okay, could you give us "we are?"
Anna: Nosotros somos.
Eric: And "you all are?"
Anna: Vosotros sois.
Eric: And the formal form of "you all are?"
Anna: Ustedes son.
Eric: Okay so, lastly could you give us the pair for "they are?"
Anna: Ellos son and ellas son.
Eric: Perfect! Listeners, these conjugations are specific to certain points of view, or persons, in a conversation.
Anna: And, in Spanish, the verbs are conjugated according to these "persons" or points of view. For example, Yo soy Alex means "I’m Alex."
Eric: Exactly. This phrase is both correct Spanish and correct English. However, the phrase...
Anna: Yo somos Alex, which translates as "I are Alex," sounds just as bad in Spanish as it does in English.
Eric: Spanish also tends to leave off or drop the words that represent those points of view, such as "he," "she," or "they," or even proper names. You usually only include these words if you need to emphasize something, or if there might be some confusion if you don't.
Anna: Exactly. For example, in English we would say, "Hello, I’m Mateo" or "You’re Mateo, right?"
Eric: Right.
Anna: But in Spanish, we would say Hola, soy Mateo, or Eres Mateo, ¿verdad?
Eric: Exactly. You can use this verb in this way to say many things about yourself, or other people. Can you give us an example, Anna?
Anna: Soy profesor.
Eric: Which means, “I’m a teacher.” What’s another example?
Anna: Es mi jefe.
Eric: Meaning, “He’s my boss.”
HOMEWORK
Anna: Okay, now it’s time for the last section from this lesson, the homework, or in Spanish, tarea.
Eric: We’ll ask you a question at the end of each lesson and give you three possible answers. You have to select the right one, and find out the answer at the end of next week’s lesson.
Anna: Here we go: One of these 3 sentences is incorrect. Which one?
1) Yo soy Mónica. ¿Y tú eres?
2) Nosotros sois maestros de español.
3) Ellas son buenas alumnas.
Eric: Remember that we’ll give you the answer at the end of our next lesson.

Outro

Anna: Well, that just about does it for this lesson. Be sure to check out the lesson notes for extra phrases and examples. You’ll also find the tarea at the end of the Lesson Notes and a new section called Essential Knowledge, containing the information you must remember from every lesson.
Eric: Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Anna: ¡Hasta luego!

33 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi Listeners! Welcome to this new Absolute Beginner Series. Make sure to do your homework and to learn the Essential Knowledge section by heart! 

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:27 AM
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Hola Robin Suen,


Thank you for your comment.

We’re happy to have you here.

Please let us know if you have any questions.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Robin Suen
Saturday at 06:26 AM
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Hola a todos, Soy Robin, encantado de conocerte.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:23 PM
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Hola Shari,


No problem!

Please don’t hesitate to leave us more comments.

Sigamos estudiando!


Saludo,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Shari
Sunday at 04:24 AM
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Gracias Carla

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:57 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Shari,


Thank you for your comments.

Yes they can look the same but the topics an accents change between Iberian Spanish and Mexican Spanish.

At the end the idea is to reinforce what you have learned.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Shari
Saturday at 07:41 AM
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Hola!


I asked a question below a few days ago and check daily for an answer. Also sent an email but no response yet. After completing absolute beginner season 3, I went on to season 4. However, season 4 has the exact same lessons as season 2 in absolute beginner. I went ahead and started at the beginning of Season 1 while waiting for a response. Gracias!


Shari

Shari
Tuesday at 08:08 AM
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Hola!

I just completed season 3 of Absolute Beginner and moved on to season 4 of Absolute Beginner. The lessons are the same as in season 2 . . . word for word? Is this a mistake?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:43 PM
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Hola Kim Carrington,


What do you mean by “a” and “names”.

Please send and examples.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Kim Carrington
Wednesday at 07:15 PM
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Why is a used before names and at the beginning of a sentence?

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:54 PM
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Hola Sean,


Thank you for the question.

Yes, it depends in the gender of the person you are talking to.

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com