Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha: Hi everybody, this is Alisha.
Fernando: Hola amigos, soy Fernando. Hi everyone! I’m Fernando.
Alisha: Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 3, Lesson 6 – Asking Where Something Is in Mexico. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask for directions using polite Spanish. In other words, what to say when you want to find, for example, a restroom or the exit.
Fernando: This conversation takes place at an airport.
Alisha: And it is between newly arrived Spanish student, Ashley, and the attendant at the airport, a young man.
Fernando: Lets listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Ashley: Disculpe joven, ¿dónde está el baño?
Attendant: El baño está a la derecha.
Ashley: Gracias. ¿Y dónde está la salida?
Attendant: La salida está a la izquierda.
Ashley: Gracias.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Ashley: Disculpe joven, ¿dónde está el baño?
Attendant: El baño está a la derecha.
Ashley: Gracias. ¿Y dónde está la salida?
Attendant: La salida está a la izquierda.
Ashley: Gracias.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Ashley: Disculpe joven, ¿dónde está el baño?
Alisha: Excuse me, young man, where is the restroom?
Attendant: El baño está a la derecha.
Alisha: The restroom is on your right.
Ashley: Gracias. ¿Y dónde está la salida?
Alisha: Thank you. And where is the exit?
Attendant: La salida está a la izquierda.
Alisha: The exit is on the left.
Ashley: Gracias.
Alisha: Thank you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha: Okay Fernando, so in the dialogue, Ashley used a certain word to address the attendant which is kind of interesting.
Fernando: Oh, right. She called him joven.
Alisha: Tell us more about that word.
Fernando: Well, in Mexico, no matter who you’re speaking to, it’s important to be polite. So the terms “joven” or “señorita” are used when addressing those who are working, like clerks or attendants. Literally, they mean “young man” and “young lady”, but the person does not necessarily have to be young.
Alisha: Say them one more time?
Fernando: Joven, which is “young man”, and señorita, which is “young lady”.
Alisha: But Fernando… what if the attendant is older then you?
Fernando: In some cases, you can still use “joven” or señorita.
Alisha: Hmm, well that makes it easy!
Fernando: Right?
Alisha: Okay, so now let’s get started with our vocabulary review.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we’ll see is:
Fernando: Disculpe. [natural native speed]
Alisha: Excuse me.
Fernando: Disculpe. [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: Disculpe. [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: joven [natural native speed]
Alisha: young man
Fernando: joven [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: joven [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: dónde [natural native speed]
Alisha: where
Fernando: dónde [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: dónde [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: baño [natural native speed]
Alisha: restroom, toilet
Fernando: baño [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: baño [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: derecha [natural native speed]
Alisha: right
Fernando: derecha [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: derecha [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: salida [natural native speed]
Alisha: exit
Fernando: salida [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: salida [natural native speed]
Next:
Fernando: izquierda [natural native speed]
Alisha: left
Fernando: izquierda [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fernando: izquierda [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fernando: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is.... disculpe
Alisha: This is a common opener when asking something to someone we don’t know, or when we have accidentally done something wrong. It essentially means “Excuse me.” Can you give us an example?
Fernando: Sure. If you’re in the subway and accidentally step on someone’s foot, you say “disculpe” or “disculpe usted” for extra formality.
Alisha: And when you don’t need to be formal?
Fernando: Then you say disculpa, or discúlpame. It could be to a friend, or to someone you don’t need to use formal Spanish with.
Alisha: Okay, Fernando, let’s look at the phrases for “to the left” and “to the right”.
Fernando: Sounds good. They are – a la izquierda
Alisha: to the left
Fernando: and a la derecha
Alisha: to the right
Fernando: These are basically word for word. a means “to”, and la means “the”. And then we have izquierda which means “left”, or derecha which means “right”. These are both feminine words, so they take la.
Alisha: We saw both words in the dialogue, right?
Fernando: Right, when the attendant was asked about the restroom, he said “a la derecha”. “To the right”. When asked about the exit, he said “a la izquierda”. “To the left”.
Alisha: Great! And with that, let’s move onto the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Alisha: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask where something is.
Fernando: Yes, you’ll learn how to use Dónde, which means “where”.
Alisha: You can use this word in a variety of ways - asking where this is, where that is, where are you going, and so on.
Fernando: But here in this lesson we will focus only on how to ask where something is
Alisha: Fernando, what’s the sentence pattern for asking where something is?
Fernando: It’s very easy - ¿Dónde está, and then what you’re looking for
Alisha: So in the dialogue, Ashley asked the attendant where the restroom was, and she said…
Fernando: ¿“dónde está el baño”?
Alisha: A very crucial question! Can you break it down?
Fernando: Sure. “dónde está” means “where is”, el is the direct article “the”, and baño is “restroom”, or “toilet”.
Alisha: Can we hear it one more time?
Fernando: ¿“dónde está el baño”?
Alisha: Okay everyone, please repeat after Fernando.
Fernando: ¿“dónde está el baño”? [pause]
Alisha: All right, in a second question, Ashley asks about the exit and she says….
Fernando: ¿dónde está la salida?
Alisha: Again, the same thing, except substituting the word for “restroom” with the word for “exit”.
Fernando: Yes, and also salida, or “exit”, is a feminine noun, so we have “la” instead of “el”.
Alisha: Can we hear it one more time?
Fernando: ¿“dónde está la salida”?
Alisha: Okay everyone, please repeat after Fernando.
Fernando: ¿“dónde está la salida”? [pause]
Alisha: Sounds good! Now you’re ready to ask where things are!
For practice, let’s look at one more example.
Fernando: Sure. The movie theater - ¿Dónde está el cine?
Alisha: Please repeat.
Fernando: ¿Dónde está el cine? [pause]
Alisha: Great. So now let’s review the answers to these questions. When Ashley asks about the restroom, what does she hear?
Fernando: The attendant says El baño está a la derecha.
Alisha: And when Ashley asks about the exit, what does she hear?
Fernando: La salida esta a la izquierda.
Alisha: If you notice, he answers using the same verb used by Ashley.
Fernando: Right, the verb “estar”. It is conjugated as “está” in these sentences.
So, “place”, followed by “está”, and then “to the left”, or “to the right”.
Alisha: Okay, well, I think that’s going to do it for this lesson. Don’t forget, listeners, that you can always go back and review the lesson notes for extra information.
Fernando: Yes, please be sure to check those out.
Alisha: Until next time!
Fernando: Hasta pronto!

15 Comments

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SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone,

Can you describe how to get to a certain place in Spanish?

SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 1:56 am
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Hola Razelito,


Thank you for your comment.

Muy bien! Sigamos practicando!

Let us know if you have any question or doubt.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Razelito
Thursday at 7:18 am
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!Laurynta esta a me derecha

Spanishpod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:42 pm
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Hola Tricia,


Glad to hear that you found our lessons helpful!


Hope you like the rest of our series.?


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team Spanishpod101.com

Tricia
Saturday at 4:17 am
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These lessons are very helpful. Gracias!


La casa está a la izquierda.

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 12:54 pm
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Hola Chris,


Thank you for participating!

Muy bien! Sigamos practicando.

If you have any questions please don't hesitate to leave your questions.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Chris Parsonson
Saturday at 9:19 am
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la cocina está abajo

SpanishPod101.com
Sunday at 10:09 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hola Lorise,


Thank you for your comment.

We're happy to know you're enjoying the lessons.

Please don't hesitate to leave us your questions or doubts, our team will answer you ASAP.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Lorise
Sunday at 11:18 pm
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Thankyou spanishpod101. This is so helpful x

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 6:37 am
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Hola Phil,


Thank you for your question.

You need to use the gender of the person you're talking about or who you'ere talking to.

Is not that different than when you use he and she.

Sigamos practicando.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Phil
Monday at 3:20 am
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Hola, me llamo es Phil.

I'm not sure I understand the masculine/feminine, in that, do you use the feminine if a man is talking to a woman, and vice versa? Sorry if this is obvious.

Gracious, Phil