Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Javier: Hola soy Javier. Hi I’m Javier.
Jessie: And I’m Jessie, welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2 Lesson 3. Being in Spain on your birthday. In this lesson, you learn how to ask and how to say how old you are such as I am 25 years old.
Javier: Tengo veinticinco años.
Jessie: We will also learn about the verb that means to have.
Javier: Where does this conversation take place?
Jessie: This conversation takes place at a language school.
Javier: Who is the conversation between?
Jessie: The conversation is between Aya and Christina. They are two language students studying Spanish in Barcelona, Spain. This is the first time they meet at school and they are trying to learn a little bit more about each other.
Javier: Escuchemos la conversación.
Jessie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
CHRISTINA: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
AYA: Tengo 25 años, ¿y tú?
CHRISTINA: Yo tengo 26, hoy es mi cumpleaños.
AYA: ¿Ah si? ¡Feliz cumpleaños!
Jessie: Now let’s hear it one time slowly.
CHRISTINA: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
AYA: Tengo 25 años, ¿y tú?
CHRISTINA: Yo tengo 26, hoy es mi cumpleaños.
AYA: ¿Ah si? ¡Feliz cumpleaños!
Jessie: Now with the English translation.
CHRISTINA: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
CHRISTINA: How old are you?
AYA: Tengo 25 años, ¿y tú?
AYA: I'm twenty-five years old, and you?
CHRISTINA: Yo tengo 26, hoy es mi cumpleaños.
CHRISTINA: I'm twenty-six. Today is my birthday.
AYA: ¿Ah si? ¡Feliz cumpleaños!
AYA: Really? Happy birthday!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jessie: So Javier, in this dialogue, they were talking about age and speaking of age, what do you say when it’s someone’s birthday in Spanish?
Javier: Feliz Cumpleaños.
Jessie: Happy Birthday. So this is what is normally said in Spain when it’s someone’s birthday right?
Javier: Sí, also - Felicidades - something like congratulations.
Jessie: Are there any special birthday traditions in Spain?
Javier: We eat - un pastel - A cake
Jessie: Ah! so you eat cake.
Javier: And we make a wish - un deseo - before blowing out the candles.
Jessie: Umm that sounds about the same as everywhere I guess. I think that’s pretty common all around the world.
Javier: Sí, es verdad. Yes it’s true and also we have a song.
Jessie: Will you sing it?
Javier: Ah... I better not.
Jessie: Okay well any way you can find more about that song in the lesson notes for this lesson. Okay, onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Jessie: The first word is
Javier: edad
Jessie: Age.
Javier: e-dad, edad
Jessie: Next is
Javier: tener
Jessie: To have.
Javier: te-ner, tener
Jessie: Next is
Javier: cuánto, cuánta
Jessie: How much, how many?
Javier: cu-án-to, cu-án-ta, cuánto, cuánta
Jessie: Next is
Javier: año
Jessie: Year.
Javier: a-ño, año
Jessie: Next is
Javier: mi
Jessie: My
Javier: mi, mi
Jessie: Next we have
Javier: ¿a si?
Jessie: Really
Javier: ¿a si?, ¿a si?
Jessie: Next is
Javier: feliz
Jessie: Happy
Javier: fe-liz, feliz
Jessie: Next is
Javier: cumpleaños
Jessie: Birthday
Javier: cum-ple-a-ños, cumpleaños
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Javier: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first one we will look at is
Javier: cuántos
Jessie: How many.
Javier: Here is a sample sentence. ¿Cuántos lápices tienes?
Jessie: How many pencils do you have? So this is used to ask about a countable quantity and always comes followed by a noun.
Javier: Así es, Right. For example, ¿Cuántos libros tiene Aya?
Jessie: How many books does Aya have?
Javier: Or ¿Cuántos años tienes?
Jessie: The direct translation is, how many years do you have and this means, how old are you? We will go into this in more detail later on in this lesson. All right, what’s the next one we will look at?
Javier: Feliz
Jessie: Happy. For example
Javier: Feliz Navidad.
Jessie: Merry Christmas or literally Happy Christmas.
Javier: Feliz Año Nuevo
Jessie: Happy New Year.
Javier: That’s right.
Jessie: Can you introduce one more word?
Javier: cumpleaños
Jessie: Birthday.
Javier: Yes and on someone’s birthday, we say Feliz Cumpleaños or Felicidades
Jessie: Happy Birthday or congratulations. Okay, let’s move on to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Jessie: The focus of this lesson is using the verb - tener, to talk about age.
Javier: tener, means to have
Jessie: Yes, and you may be wondering what that has to do with age. Well that’s because in Spanish, to say that someone has a certain age, we say that they have that number of years.
Javier: Such as - Tengo veinticinco años.
Jessie: I am 25 years old or literally I have 25 years.
Javier: Or - Ella tiene dieciocho años.
Jessie: She is 18 years old, or literally she has 18 years. So here let’s go through the different conjugated forms of the verb - tener
Javier: Sounds good. Here we go! Yo tengo
Jessie: I have
Javier: Tú tienes
Jessie: You have
Javier: Ella tiene
Jessie: She has
Javier: Él tiene
Jessie: He has
Javier: Nosotros tenemos
Jessie: We have
Javier: Vosotros teneís
Jessie: You all have.
Javier: Ellos tienen
Jessie: They have
Javier: So again, we can say - Tengo veinticinco años.
Jessie: I am 25 years old
Javier: or - Ella tiene dieciocho años.
Jessie: She is 18 years old. And of course, tener, is used not only for talking about age but also talking about possession like - I have a camera or I have a car.
Javier: Yes we use the same - tener
Jessie: Let’s see some examples of that usage.
Javier: Sure. Tengo una camara.
Jessie: I have a camera.
Javier: Ella tiene un coche.
Jessie: She has a car. So the sentence structure, it’s the same as an English. Subject plus the verb have plus the object. All right Xavier. Now how about asking about age. How do we ask someone their age?
Javier: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
Jessie: How old are you? Let’s break it down.
Javier: cuántos
Jessie: How many?
Javier: años
Jessie: Years.
Javier: tienes
Jessie: You have
Javier: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
Jessie: Literally how many years do you have or how old are you?
Javier: ¿practicamos?
Jessie: Yes let’s do some practice. Listeners, listen and repeat. How old are you?
Javier: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
Jessie: I am 32 years old. Repeat
Javier: Tengo treinta y dos años.
Jessie: I am 40 years old repeat.
Javier: Tengo cuarenta años. Muy bien.
Jessie: Alright. Let’s recap this lesson. When you want to say how old you are, you say
Javier: Tengo - and my age. For example, Tengo veinte años.
Jessie: I am 20 years old, and if you want to ask how old someone is
Javier: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
Jessie: How old are you?
Javier: Perfecto.

Outro

Jessie: Well that is all for this lesson, check out the lesson notes and the Premium Tools as well. To find a line by line breakdown of the conversation, vocab audio, and much more. Before we go listeners, we want to ask, do you know the reason Flashcards are so popular?
Javier: It’s because they work.
Jessie: Right, we have taken this time testing studying tool and modernised it with My Word Bank Flashcards.
Javier: Learn vocabulary using your eyes and ears.
Jessie: Words in My Word Bank come with audio so you learn proper pronunciation. Go to SpanishPod101.com now and try my Word Bank and Flascards today.
Javier: Muchas gracias, thank you, hasta pronto. see you soon.
Jessi: Bye everyone.

Grammar

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10 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Practice what you've learned here~!

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:09 AM
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Hola Teodora,


Thank you for your comment.

Revisemos algunas correciones.

Yo tengo veinti-ocho años.

Yo estoy muy feliz en mi dia de cumpleaños.

Feliz cumpleaños! Espero la hayas pasado bien!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

teodora
Monday at 05:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Yo soy veinti-ocho anos.

Mi edad es veinti-ocho.

Yo soy muy feliz en mi dia de compleanos.

En mi dia de cumpleanos yo voy bailar salsa y beber vino tinto.

Spanishpod101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:21 AM
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Hola Maria,


Feliz cumpleaños!

Que tengas un excelente fin de semana cumpleañero. :smile:

Have a great birthday weekend.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Maria
Tuesday at 05:48 AM
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Mi cumpleanos es sabado, Septiembre 10.

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:20 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nick,


Thank you for your patience!

The transcripts have been added to all the Absolute Beginner Season 2 series :sunglasses:

Let us know if you have questions.


Hasta pronto,

Laura

Team SpanishPod101.com

SpanishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:25 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nick Marshall,


We are still working on them and they are not ready yet, that's why they don't appear.

If you have any question about the lesson, please let us know, we will be glad to help!


Thank you for your understanding,

Sincerely,

Ofelia

Team SpanishPod101.com

Nick Marshall
Monday at 07:09 PM
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There are Lesson Transcripts for Absolute Beginner S2 #1 and #2, but none for lessons #3 to #25. Where have they gone please and can they be put back?


Thanks

Jessi
Saturday at 03:46 PM
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Hi Doug,

Thank you for letting us know!

The PDF has been updated and fixed :)

Doug
Tuesday at 08:24 AM
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FYI In the lesson notes, some of the Vocabulary Phrase Usage runs off the page