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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Rosa here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I'll answer some of your most common Spanish questions.
The question for this lesson is, How can you tell if a noun is masculine or feminine?
In Spanish, every noun has a gender. That applies to plural nouns, too.
Other Romance languages have masculine and feminine nouns, too. It’s a trait that comes from Latin, and the gender can depend on its origin in an older Latin word.
English doesn’t have masculine and feminine nouns, so the easiest way to tell the gender of a noun is by looking at the last letter of the noun.
The general rule is that if a noun ends with an -a, it's feminine. For example, la manzana, meaning "the apple," la ventana, "the window," and la casa, "the house."
Nouns that end with an -o are generally masculine, like el horno, "the oven," el perro, "the dog," and el libro, "the book."
The only thing is, there are a lot of exceptions. Just to name a few, el mapa, meaning "the map," is masculine even though it ends with an -a. El día, "the day," is also masculine.
Some other examples are La foto, meaning "the photo," which is feminine even though it ends with an -o. La mano, "the hand" is also feminine.
Because there are so many exceptions, it's best to learn nouns with their articles. These are like "the" and "a" in English. For Spanish, it's el or un for masculine nouns and la or una for feminine nouns.
However, -o and -a are not the only indicators for masculine and feminine nouns. Here are a few others:
Nouns that end in -e, -ma or an accented vowel such as í, are often masculine. El perfume, "the perfume," el programa, "the program," and el colibrí, "the hummingbird" are all masculine.
On the other hand, nouns that end with -d, -z or -ión are often feminine. La felicidad, which is "happiness," la nariz, "the nose," and la religión, "religion" are all feminine.
It's important to remember what gender a noun is, because often it influences other parts of a sentence.
Adjectives in particular change their spelling according to the gender of the nouns they modify.
It goes a bit like this:
"A notebook," un cuaderno, is masculine. So to say "a red notebook," you'd say, un cuaderno rojo.
"An apple," una manzana, is feminine. So "a red apple," is una manzana roja, with rojo changing to roja spelled with an -a.
I hope that answers the question. If you have any more questions, please leave them in the comments below, and I'll try to answer them!
¡Hasta luego!

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SpanishPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Spanish learning question do you have?

SpanishPod101.com
Monday at 1:49 am
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Hola JP e suas Informações,


Thank you for your comment.

No, but you can use the word "omnibus" for "bus".

Sigamos practicando!


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

JP e suas Informações
Saturday at 8:21 am
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Hi people hom means bus in spanish?

SpanishPod101.com
Tuesday at 2:00 am
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Hola Deepak,


Thank you for buying the subscription and for your question!

Yes, adjective gender changes depending in the noun gender that its describing.

La alfombra roja. - The red carpet.

El cuaderno rojo. The red notebook.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Deepak
Monday at 6:48 pm
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Do all the adjectives needs to be changed into Masculine or feminine according to the sentences?

In "Un cuaderno rojo" the colour red is an adjective which was changed to masculine rojo and later to feminine roja according to the gender of the sentence. Right?

Deepak
Monday at 6:36 pm
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Ola. I have been using the free trial version to learn Spanish and am very much impressed with your contents. Planing to upgrade my plan. Keep rocking.


Gracious.?

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 1:09 am
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Hola Henny,


Thank you for your comment!

We're happy to know you're enjoying our lessons.

Please let us know if you have any question.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Henny
Tuesday at 12:32 pm
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That helped a lot..thanks!

Spanishpod101.comVerified
Sunday at 5:31 am
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Hola Shamel,


Thank you for your comment.

We're happy to know you're enjoying our lessons.

Please let us know if you have any questions.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com

Shamel
Wednesday at 3:29 am
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:heart::heart::heart::heart: i love this site! It is so much fun and so well planned out. i also love this happy teacher!! Im sure others think the same.

SpanishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 9:52 am
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Hola Lee,


The one with accent is use for questions and the other one is use for answering.


Saludos,

Carla

Team SpanishPod101.com